The Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence (The Istanbul Convention) was adopted by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on 7 April 2011 and opened for signature on 11 May 2011).
The convention has been signed by 46 countries, but only 34 countries has been ratified it. In addition, most states that have adopted the Istanbul Convention have made reservations about the non-application of certain provisions of the Convention. The Istanbul Convention (Article 78 of the Convention) provides such a possibility. However, it should be noted that not in all cases the state could make such reservations. Therefore, the text of the Istanbul Convention contains an exhaustive list of its norms, the implementation of which the state may make reservations in its national practice.